Psychomotricity and Microcephaly: A Longitudinal Case Study with an Adolescent

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21664/2238-8869.2023v12i3.p239-249

Palavras-chave:

desempenho psicomotor, microcefalia, adolescente

Resumo

No Brasil, o Ministério da Saúde considera a microcefalia como um agravo emergencial na saúde pública, e a psicomotricidade por sua vez oferece um trabalho por meio de atividades direcionadas ao sistema motor da criança. Essas atividades têm o propósito de auxiliar no entendimento do próprio corpo e de seus potenciais, e desempenham um papel significativo na formação do desenvolvimento global, atuando como um componente fundamental no processo de aprendizagem do indivíduo. Neste sentido o objetivo do estudo foi verificar o efeito das sessões de psicomotricidade no desenvolvimento motor de um adolescente de 15 anos com microcefalia. Trata-se de estudo de caso longitudinal com duração de quatro meses de intervenção, três vezes por semana com duração entre 30 a 40 minutos. Para os resultados, houve uma melhora na pontuação em todos os elementos psicomotores avaliados em que para o esquema corporal de 04 pontos para 08 pontos, no esquema corporal de 01 para 05 pontos, lateralidade de 06 pra 11 pontos, estruturação espacial de 05 para 10 pontos e para orientação temporal de 01 para 05 pontos. Percebeu-se uma melhora no esquema corporal e orientação temporal em que antes o adolescente era classificado com Imagem de corpo vivido (até 3 anos); e após intervenção classificado como Reorganização do corpo vivido (3 a 4 anos e 6 meses). Embora ainda o adolescente tenha tido uma classificação muito aquém para sua idade quantitativamente, percebeu-se qualitativamente uma melhora quanto ao reconhecimento de si mesmo e do outro, face a face, melhora nos termos espaciais, na progressão de tamanho e reprodução de estruturas espaciais e no entendimento de algumas noções temporais. Foi possível concluir que 16 (dezesseis) semanas de prática de atividades psicomotoras foram capazes de produzir melhoras sobre o desenvolvimento em tarefas que envolvem equilíbrio, força, coordenação e lateralidade e noção espacial.

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2023-10-27

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VENâNCIO, Patricia Espíndola Mota; CHAVES, Thais Fernanda; NOLL, Matias; SÃO BERNADO, Mirelle Amaral de; TOLENTINO, Grassyara Pinho. Psychomotricity and Microcephaly: A Longitudinal Case Study with an Adolescent. Fronteira: Journal of Social, Technological and Environmental Science, [S. l.], v. 12, n. 3, p. 239–249, 2023. DOI: 10.21664/2238-8869.2023v12i3.p239-249. Disponível em: https://revistas2.unievangelica.edu.br/index.php/fronteiras/article/view/6956. Acesso em: 20 abr. 2024.